HERSKOVITS, MELVILLE JEAN

HERSKOVITS, MELVILLE JEAN
HERSKOVITS, MELVILLE JEAN (1895–1963), U.S. anthropologist. Born in Bellefontaine, Ohio, Herskovits became a lecturer in anthropology at Columbia University in 1924. In 1927 he moved to Northwestern University, where he directed the program of African studies. In 1935 he became professor of African Affairs. He made Northwestern University virtually the center of African studies in the U.S., and when the African Studies Association was established in 1957 he became its first president. In the 1920s Herskovits undertook a series of anthropometric studies of the blacks in the United States and then widened his research to cover the blacks in the New World and in Africa. He carried out fieldwork among the bush peoples of Surinam, Dutch Guiana, and in Haiti, West Africa, Brazil, and sub-Saharan Africa. In his classic work, The Myth of the Negro Past (1941), he presented a masterly study of the African heritage of the American black. His studies of the New World black opened up a whole new field of research and prepared the way for a more positive and objective appreciation of the black, both individually and collectively, in American society. One of Herskovits' great interests was the study of race crossing and inheritance, and one of his earliest books was on this subject: The American Negro: A Study in Racial Crossing (1928). Like his teacher, franz boas , he did not regard physical man apart from cultural man, and was concerned to combat the confusions between innate physical and acquired cultural traits. In addition to his general study of anthropology, Manand his Works (1948), Herskovits published studies in ethnomusicology and economic anthropology. In 1959 he produced an important survey on Africa for the Committee on Foreign Relations of the U.S. Senate. His final major book, The Human Factor in Changing Africa (1962), dealt with the conflict between established custom and innovation among the peoples of Africa. He discussed the problem "Who are the Jews?" in the essay that he and his wife Frances – who collaborated with him in much of his research and writing – contributed to The Jews, Their History and Their Culture (ed. by L. Finkelstein, 2 (1960), 1489–1509). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: American Anthropologist, 66 (1964), 83–109, includes bibliography.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Melville Jean Herskovits — (* 10. September 1895 in Bellefontaine, Ohio; † 25. Februar 1963 in Evanston, Illinois) war US amerikanischer Anthropologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werk 2 Werke 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herskovits, Melville J. — ▪ American anthropologist in full  Melville Jean Herskovits   born Sept. 10, 1895, Bellefontaine, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 25, 1963, Evanston, Ill.       American anthropologist noted for having opened up the study of the “New World Negro” as a new… …   Universalium

  • Herskovits — Melville Jean Herskovits (* 10. September 1895 in Bellefontaine, Ohio; † 25. Februar 1963 in Evanston, Illinois) war US amerikanischer Anthropologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werk 2 Werke 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean Melville Herskovits — Melville Herskovits Melville Jean Herskovits (1895 1963) est un anthropologue américain. Sommaire 1 Publications 2 Voir aussi 2.1 Articles connexes 2.2 Bibliographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • HERSKOVITS (M. J.) — HERSKOVITS MELVILLE JEAN (1895 1963) Anthropologue américain, né dans l’Ohio, Melville J. Herskovits fut l’élève de Boas à l’université Columbia, à New York. C’est à la Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.) qu’il fit presque toute sa carrière… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Melville J. Herskovits — Melville Jean Herskovits (* 10. September 1895 in Bellefontaine, Ohio; † 25. Februar 1963 in Evanston, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Anthropologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Familie 2 Leben 3 P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melville J. Herskovits — Born September 10, 1895 …   Wikipedia

  • Melville Herskovits — Melville Jean Herskovits né le 10 septembre 1895 à Bellefontaine (Ohio, États Unis) mort le 25 février 1963 à Evanston (Illinois, États Unis) est un anthropologue américain. Sommaire 1 Publications 2 Voir aussi 2.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herskovits —   [ həːskəvɪts], Melville Jean, amerikanischer Anthropologe und Ethnologe, * Bellefontaine (Ohio) 10. 9. 1885, ✝ Evanston (Illinois) 25. 2. 1963; Schüler von F. Boas. Nach Studien zur Morphologie amerikanischer Farbiger (American Negros) befasste …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Melville Herskovits — Para otros usos de este término, véase Melville. Melville Jean Herskovits (Bellefontaine, Ohio, septiembre 10 de 1895 Evanston, Illinois, febrero 25 de 1963) Antropólogo e historiador estadounidense que estableció firmemente los estudios… …   Wikipedia Español

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